Gemmotherapy

tree budsDrainage therapy using the buds and other very young parts of plants to stimulate elimination of toxic compounds from the body. Preparations do not necessarily have to be homeopathically prepared using succussion.

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A normal excretory system, such as the kidneys, liver etc., is insufficient or blocked when a glandular or tissue system is deficient, or when treatment well individualized according to the Simillimum of the patient fails to give the desired results. On the contrary, worsening and the development of new problems, it is necessary to stimulate these organs of excretion systems using medication with no organic tropism or physiological affinities.

This technique has been given the name "Drainage". This term reflects the dynamics of this therapeutic method, which consists of the stimulation of one or several organs with an excretory function. This leads, in a sense, to the opening up of channels which enable the toxins liberated by the homeopathic medication to reach the exterior and thus to be excreted from the body. This then involves application of the fundamental principle of cure by treatment from deep within and towards the surface.

Certain schools of homeopathy are very faithful to this drainage theory, which has been particularly clearly confirmed by the studies of Doctors Nebel, Leon Vannier and Rouy. By contrast, certain others contend that, when the homeopathic remedy is perfectly accurately selected according to the principle of similitude, it acts at one and the same time as a curative and drainage agent. Drainage is of particular value in every day practice. Whilst it does not give the spectacular results associated with very accurately individualised homeopathic Simillimum, the drainage complex often improves the patient considerably.

There are several classifications of drainage remedies. The most simple and the most frequently used is based quite simply on the affinities of certain medications for one or another organ. Therefore, the kidneys are stimulated by Berberis and Solidago, the liver by Chelidonium, Taraxacum, Carduus Marianus and the skin by Fumaria, Saponaria or Viola Tricolor. Other medications are aimed at increasing veinous tone such as Aesculus, Hamamelis, Hydrastis and Viburnum. The rhinopharyngial mucosae  are stimulated by Allium Cepa, Euphrasia, Sabadilla and Kalium iodatum. Many further examples could be sited and in the treatment schedules presented in this present work a number of formulae may be found which might be useful to the general practitioner.

It should also be noted that a number of these drainage medications are plant products prescribed in very low dilutions, from the mother dye to 3D, in the form of drops, in the dose of 10 drops once or twice per day.

We would nevertheless like to draw the attention of the general practitioner to a modern form of homeopathic drainage using the first decimal of glycerine plant macerates prepared either from certain buds or from plant tissues in the process of growth and division. This application of homeopathic drainage is often called gemmotherapy and is extremely valuable in as much as it opens up the possibility of true tissue potentialisation therapy, thereby increasing the drainage possibilities of the homeopathic medication.

The therapeutic applications of the principal drainage agents used in this method are as follows:

From a general stand point:

Betula Pubences Buds (Birch): This general tonic increases the bodily defense mechanisms, overcoming physical and phychological asthenia.

Quercus Pedunculata Buds or Rootlets of Arcons (Oak): Has a similar and complementary action to that of Betula Pubences.

On the pulmonary system:

Carpinus Betulus Buds (Hornbeam): Active in the rhinopharynx and trachea, ensuring healing of damage mucosal surfaces and relieving spasm. Indicated for spasmodic and chronic rhinopharyngitis, tracheitis and tracheo-bronchitis. Is antitussive.

Corylous Avellans Buds (Hazel): First and foremost an anti-fibrotic which restores the elasticity of lung tissue. Indicated in emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis, but also in certain cases of hepatic cell deficiency.

Viburnum Lantana Buds (Viburnum): Has a sedative effect on the pulmonary neurovegetative system and inhibits bronchiola spasm. Restores respiratory function. Indicated in asthma of various etiologies and in asthmatiform dispnoea.

On the cardiovascular and haematological systems:

A - Disturbances of arterial circulation

Olea Europea Buds (Olive): Hypotensive and arterial antisclerotic action. Normalises blood cholesterol levels. Indicated in arteriosclerosis and in hypotension.

Prunus Amygdalus Buds (Almond): Complements Olea, accentuating its hypotensive and antisclerotic actions. The indications are the same.

Populus Nigrum Buds (Poplar): Acts upon the arterial system of the legs, relieving spasm. Favourises the establishment of a collateral circulation and aids in the treatment of associated trophic disturbances.

B - Disturbances in veinous circulation:

Sorbus Domestica Buds (Sorb): Major regulator of the circulation in the veinous system, overcoming congestive phenomena. Increases tone of the veinous wall. More particularly indicated in the female patient, in association with circulatory disturbances of the menopause, veinous hypertension, the sequelly of phlebitis, varicose veins or heavy legs syndrome.

Aesculus Hippocastanum Buds (Horse Chestnut): Indicated in haemorrhoids.

C - Disturbances of blood coagulation:

Two buds are active in decreasing blood coagulation. It is most valuable to prescribe them in relation to certain laboratory data.

Prunus Amygdalus Inner Root Bark (Almond): Indicated in the presence of an increase in prothrombine levels.

Citrus Limonum Inner Stem Bark (Lemon): In the presence of an increase in blood fibrinogen levels.

D - Cardiac problems:

Crataegus Oxyacantha Buds (Hawthorne): Excellent regulator of cardiac movement which is slow. Increases myocardial tone, in particular in the left side of the heart. Has a sedative effect on all precordial pain. Indicated in cardiac insufficiency and associated symptoms, cardiac spasms, tachycardias and arythmias as well as in precordial pain.

Zea Mais Rootlets (Maize): Favourises post-infarction healing of cardiac tissue and produces a fall in blood transaminase levels. Indicated in the sequelly of myocardial infarction.

E - Disturbances in blood count:

Tamaris Gallica Buds (Tamarisk): Active on the red cell series, stimulating erythrocyte formation. Indicated in hypochromic anaemia.

Vitis vinifera Buds (Grape vine): Regularises the white cell series and should be prescribed in the presence of a leucocytosis, in particular a lymphocytosis.

On the digestive system:

A - Liver:

Rosmarinus Officinalis Buds (Rosemary): Action particularly specifically orientated towards the gall bladder. An excellent anti-spasmodic which regularises gall bladder motility. Indicated in minor hepatic insufficiency, biliary dyskinesia with hyper- or hypotonia, biliary colic and chronic cholecystitis.

Corylus Avellana Buds (Hazel): By virtue of its anti-fibrotic effect already mentioned, acts as a tonic on the hepatic parenchyma and is indicated in cases of more marked hepatic insufficiency.

Juniperus Communis Young Shoots (Juniper): Young shoots of juniper are active in marked hepatic insufficiency with markedly disturbed laboratory tests. Juniper is the medication for the very deficient liver in the phase of decompensation: jaundice, various types of cirrhosis etc. Juniper also gives good results in cases of air swallowing where it would appear to have a regulatory effect on the digestive neurovegetative system.

B - Stomach:

Ficus Carica Buds (Fig): Normalises the secretion of gastric juice and has a healing action on the mucosa. It is active in cases of neurovegetative dystonia. Indicated for gastric and gastro-duodenal ulcers.

C - Intestine:

Vaccinum Vitis Idaea Buds (Bilberry): This bud is an excellent medication for the intestine. It should be prescribed whenever there is a disturbance in intestinal transit, for both diarrhoeic syndromes as well as constipation, obviously after the elimination of any organic etiology for such problems.

The osteoarticular system

A - Rheumatic disorders:

Rheumatic disorders require the administration of three specific buds that should be prescribed by order of increasing severity.

Pinus Montana Buds (Pine): Indicated for non-inflammatory chronic rheumatism regardless of the site: vertebral osteoarthrosis, osteoarthrosis of the knees or hips, etc. It is useful to prescribe it in association with birch sap 1 D, preferably given in the morning when fasting in a large glass of water.

Vitis Vinifera Buds (Grape vine): Indicated in very painful deforming rheumatism and in arthritis affecting the small joints.

Ampelopsis Weitchii Buds (Virginia creeper): Prescribed for extremely painful and highly inflammatory rheumatic disorders following a rapid course with the production of severe deformity, e.g. rheumatoid arthritis and periarthritis of the shoulder.

B - Gout:

Fraxinus Excelsior (Ash): Regularises blood uric acid levels. Indicated in the presence of a gouty diathesis, chronic or with acute manifestations.

C - Decalcification:

Abies Pectinata Buds (Fir): Favourises the fixation of calcium in the bones. Indicated above all in children with bony decalcification, rickets, dental caries and lymph node hypertrophy. Also gives valuable results in alveolo-dental pyorrhoea.

On the genito-urinary system

Fagus Sylvatica Buds (Beech): Stimulates renal function and urine output. Indicated in renal lithiasis, renal insufficiency and in obesity due to water retention.

Sequoia Gigantea Buds (Sequoia): This bud is an excellent anti-senescent substance for use in the elderly man. Has a remarkable effect from a geriatric standpoint and induces a state of euphoria in the elderly patient with the restoration of energy both from a physical as well as a psychological standpoint. Particularly powerful action on the prostate. Indicated for prostatic hypertrophy or adenomas and in the trophic and psychological problems of old age.

Rubus Idaeus Buds (Raspberry cane): Has an inhibiting effect on the anterior lobe of the pituitary and in particular regularises ovarian secretion. Indicated in syndromes with hyperfolliculinism and in dysmenorrhoea.

On the skin

Ulmus Campestris Buds (Elm): Used in the treatment of weeping eczema.

Cedrus Libani (Cedar): Used in the treatment of dry eczema.

Allergy

Ribes Nigrum Buds (Blackcurrant): The blackcurrant bud is a very important medication. It is active on the adrenal cortex, stimulating the secretion of anti-inflammatory hormones. It has a marked anti-allergic action. It is indicated in all forms of inflammation in which the sedimentation rate is greatly accelerated and in allergic states regardless of their clinical manifestations: rhinitis, bronchitis, asthma, gastritis, migraine, urticaria, angioneurotic oedema, and allergic rheumatism.

Rosa Canina Buds (Dog rose): Extremely valuable in the treatment of migraine and headache resistant to standard treatment and in which there is almost always an allergic component. It is of value to prescribe it in association in such cases with Ribes Nigrum Buds, when in complements the adrenal cortical stimulation and with Tilia Buds, which have an effect as a plant tranquilizer.

When used with suppleness according to the light of clinical experience, drainage using macerates of fresh buds gives good results. The most frequent dose of all of these medications is of 20 to 30 drops per day of each of the glycerine macerates always prescribed at the first decimal, to be taken with a little water before meals, either alone, or mixed in the glass immediately before being taken. These doses must of course be adjusted according to the individual reaction of each patient. The physician may either decrease them or increase them. However it is essential to prescribe these buds in a unitary fashion and not mix several medications in the same prescription bottle.

PRINCIPLE CLINICAL INDICATIONS OF GEMMOTHERAPY

ABIES PECTINATA: Decalcification and rickets, dental caries.
ACER CAMPESTRIS: Sequelly of poliomyelitis and paralysis. Herpes zoster.
AESCULUS HIPP: Haemorrhoids.
ALNUS GLUTINOSA: Sequelly of cerebral haemorrhage, cerebral infarction, and chronic rhinitis.
AMPELOPSIS WEITCHII: Chronic rheumatism, rheumatoid arthritis.
CARPINUS BETULUS: Spasmodic and chronic rhinopharyngitis. Spasmodic cough.
CEDRUS LIBANI: Dry eczema, icthyosis, and pruritis.
CORYLUS AVELLANA: Emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis.
CRATAEGUS OXYACANTHA: Cardiac insufficiency, precordial pain,  tachycardia, sequelly of infarction.
FAGUS SYLVATICA: Renal insufficiency, renal lithiasis.
FICUS CARICA: Obsessional and anxiety neurosis, gastric and peptic ulcers.
FRAXINUS EXCELSIOR: Acute and chronic gout.
JUGLANS REGIA: Varicose ulcers, skin infections (impetigo, infected eczema).
JUNIPERUS COMMUNIS: Major hepatic insufficiency and cirrhotic syndromes.
OLEA EUROPAEA: Hypertension, arteriosclerosis, and hypercholesterolemia.
PINUS MONTANA: Chronic rheumatism, vertebral osteoarthrosis, osteoarthrosis of the hips and knees.
POPYLUS NIGRA: Obliterative arterial disease of the lower limbs and associated trophic disturbances.
PRUNUS AMYGDALUS: Hypertension, antisclerotic agent.
RIBES NIGRUM: Allergic problems, chronic coryza, hay fever, and migraine.
ROSA CANINA: Migraine and headache.
ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS: Hepatic insufficiency, biliary colic, biliary dyskinesia.
RUBUS IDAEUS: Female problems, menstrual disturbances, pelvic pain, metritis and vaginitis.
SEQUOIA GIGANTEA: Prostatic hypertrophy and adenoma, uterine fibroids.
SORBUS DOMESTICA: Veinous problems, sequelly of phlebitis, haemogliasis.
TAMARIS GALLICA: Various types of anaemia, hypercholesterolemia.
TILIA TOMENTOSA: Nerve sedative, tranquilizer, insomnia, and neuralgia.
ULMUS CAMPESTRIS: Weeping eczema, acne and impetigo.
VACCINIUM VITIS IDAEA: Intestinal syndromes, chronic E. coli infections.
VIBURNUM LANTANA: Simple and complicated asthma.

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